mardi 31 janvier 2012

center for meteorology and accreditation mikes

This building includes several 
special engineering solutions 
and is one of the most demanding
 construction works in Finland. 

abbasid architecture

Dynasty which ruled most
of the Islamic world between
750 and 945.

Scoop arctic culture center

Located within the extreme 
environmental conditions of 
Hammerfest, the northernmost

student housing industri kollegiet

The neutral space can 
accommodate various 
uses and does not seek 
to close itself off from 
outistide views.

vendredi 27 janvier 2012

Urban design processes and procedures

Around the world many urban design schemes
 have been brought from the glimmerof an idea 

The Physical Public Realm

Does the physical public realm simply consist of all the open spaces outside the private domain of building interiors, secluded courtyards, and gardens? Is it everything that can be perceived (seen,

The public realm of cities and urban design

Almost all definitions of urban design state that it has something to do with the public realm (or the public domain or with public space) and the elements that define it. One of the best is:

The nature of urban design and urban desining

Today the term ‘urban design’ is used to describe almost any design that takes place in any city setting. ‘It seems that every person and their dog is an urban designer; it’s sexy and it’s chic’ (Tennant, 2004).

jeudi 26 janvier 2012

Ingress Park, Greenhithe Waterfront

Space Type
Waterfront and Historic Parkland
One mile east of the Dartford Bridge
 in Greenhithe
RTPI 2001
Tibbalds TM2 and MW Landscape

Triton Square

Space Type 
A Contemporary Urban Square
Regents Place, off Euston Road.
Nearest Tube:Warren Street.
Civic Trust 2004
Sheppard Robson,
 Ove Arup and Partners, Edco Design Ltd.

Cutty Sark Gardens (Design)

Space Type
An Urban Riverside Square
Civic Trust 2000

Thames Barrier Park (Design)

Space Type
An Urban Park
North Bank of The Thames,
North Woolwich Road, Silverton.
London Docklands

Brighton Seafront

Space Type
A Seaside Town Waterfront
Seafront, from the Brighton Pier
to the Hove boundary
Civic Trust 2001

Until 2001 this stretch of seafront was

mercredi 25 janvier 2012

Principles of bioclimatic design

Bioclimatic design strategies are effective
 for “envelope-dominated” structures
 to provide a large portion if not all
 of the energy required to maintain
 comfort conditions. “Internal load
  dominated” buildings— such as
   hospitals, offices, commercial

samedi 21 janvier 2012

Skyline (architecture )

Skyline is a very recent term. Until the midnineteenth
 century the word skyline was a synonym for horizon,
 used in travel literature in reference to the meeting of
sky and land (Attoe, 1981).
Typical dictionary definitions are ‘ the line where earth
 and sky meet’, ‘the horizon’ and ‘the outline of a . . .
mountain range seen against the sky’. Use of the word

dimanche 15 janvier 2012


The Fundacion Metropoli
 building was conceived as
 an experimental building
which integrates two
 fundamental criteria:
-The creation of a place of,
 and for the development


Jin Taira
The University of Tokyo, Japan

Lanzarote's grape yards have develop a unique
method. Farmers have dig thousands of holes
of small hollows into the 11/2 metre thick layer
of 'picon' (porous volcanic granules that trap
 moisture) and planted vines in the volcanic

Evacuated tube collectors

The most recent form of collector is the evacuated
 tube or vacuum tube system. It works by exploiting
 a vacuum around the collector which reduces heat
loss from the system, making it especially suitable for
more temperate climes.

These units heat water from 60 to 80 C which is
sufficient for providing domestic hot water.

The flat plate collector

These units are, as the name indicates, flat  
 plates tilted to receive maximum solar radiation.
 Behind the plate are pipes which carry the heat
 extraction medium.
There are two types of heat absorbing medium,
 air and water.
Water containing an anti-freeze solution is the most

Active solar thermal systems

A distinction must be drawn between passive
 means of utilising the thermal heat of the sun,
and those of a more ‘active’ nature.

Active systems take solar gain a step further
than passive solar.
They convert direct solar radiation into another
 form of energy.

samedi 14 janvier 2012

Attached sunspace/conservatory

This has become a popular feature in both new
housing and as an addition to existing homes.
It can function as an extension of living space,
asolar heat store, a preheater for ventilation
 air or simply an adjunct greenhouse for plants
 (Figure 1).

Indirect gain

In this form of design a heat absorbing element
is inserted between the incident solar radiation
 and the space to be   heated; thus the heat is
 transferred in an indirect way.
This often consists of a wall  placed behind
glazing facing towards the sun, and this thermal
storage wall controls the flow of heat into the

Bioclimatic design strategies

In winter (or underheated periods), the objectives of bioclimatic design are to resist loss of heat from the building envelope and to promote gain of solar heat. In summer (or overheated periods), these objectives are the reverse, to resist solar gain and to promote loss of heat from the building interior. The strategies can be set forth as:

Principles of bioclimatic design

Bioclimatic design strategies are effective for
“envelope-dominated” structures, to provide
 a large portion if not all of the energy required
to maintain comfort conditions.
“Internal load dominated” buildings— such as
 hospitals, offices, commercial kitchens,
windowless stores— experience high internal

Experiential drawings

Designers tend to draw habitually and certainly
 more often than just when designing.
In fact many are excellent artists in their own
right and most are prolific sketchers of the
world around them.
Why should this be? What clues does this give
us about the nature of design knowledge?

Consultation drawings

Consultation drawings could be thought of
 as a special category of presentation drawings
 in that they are primarily intended to convey
 information from designer to client or user or
other participant in the design process.
However, these drawings are done not
so much to convince as to elicit a response

Instruction drawings

These drawings are intended as an unambiguous one-way form of communication
from designer or design team to constructor or supplier. They are usually only done after the designed object is largely resolved and they contain certain knowledge in the form of instructions for those responsible for physically creating the object.

Presentation drawings

These are the drawings through which designers
 communicate their work to clients and others from
 whom they may need some agreement, consent or
permission to continue.
They are characteristically intended to communicate
decisions about the design to others who may have
had no involvement at all in the design process.

Types of drawings

Even a preliminary examination of designers’ drawings will reveal that there are many different types of drawings involved. The first step in developing our understanding therefore must be to attempt some form of classification of designers’ drawings.

Design representations

So important has drawing become in the design process that virtually every contemporary design curriculum places considerable emphasis on the acquisition of skills in drawing. Schools of design will generally go to considerablelengths to teach drawing methods and develop drawing skills in their students.

Design by drawing

We have not always designed by drawing.
 Originally, and still to this day in many places and
under many circumstances, designers were and are
primarily makers  or crafters. They made objects
ranging from small personal and household utensils
 through larger pieces of equipment used in 
agriculture or otherprimitive industries, to  houses and civic buildings and

vendredi 13 janvier 2012

The language of space

Space, and consequently that which encloses it, are much more central to all of us in our everyday lives than purely technical, aesthetic or even semiotic interpretation would suggest. Space is both that which brings
us together and simultaneously that which separates us from each other. It is thus crucial to the way our relationships work.

jeudi 12 janvier 2012


Bejing , China, 1999-2002
Awarded in August  1999 to Paul Andreu, 
the winner , in the final phase, over Cartos ott,
 author of the Paris Bastille Opera and the English 


Kensington Garders, London UK 2002
Architects: Toyo Ito
Each year, the Serpentine Gallery in London’s 
Kensington Park commission international


Innsbruck, Austria, 2001-2002
Architects: Zaha Hadid
Created in 1926, the Bergisel ski jump has
 been well known almost since its construction, 
and was the site of the 1964 and 1976 Winter
 Olympic competitor.

Armadale House

Armadale, Victoria, Australia
This project involved alterations and additions
 to an existing Victorian house that had been 
renovated in the late 1980s. 
The client brief called for a new second-floor addition 


University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, USA 2000-2003
Built for the College of Fine Arts . School of Music
 and Dance at the University of Arizona , the Stevie 
Eller Dance Theater includes a 300 seat theater, 
dance studio and facilities for an outdoor stage,
scene shop and costume shop.



The yacht club is placed on the site as a (folded)
 roof with large, open, north facing facades
 towards the harbor and resund. The yacht club 
will be constructed as a timber and steel structure.


 Azuma-Mura, Gunma , Japan. 2001 

Like many small , isolated Japanese villages, 
the community of Azuma-Mura in the
 mountains of Gunma prefecture decided
 that certain government credits would be
 well spent on a new museum . 
The organized a competition for a 3000
 square-meter facility to be dedicated to 
the work of a locally tamous painter,

dimanche 8 janvier 2012

Atlanta Residence

Atlanta, Georgia , USA
Olson Sundberg Kundig Allen architectes

This new house in an historic Atlanta neighborhood
uses modern materials to express the mystique of the
 old South.

vendredi 6 janvier 2012

Armed Forces Officers’ Club

Abu Dhabi
Armed Forces Officers’ Club and
Conference Centre
Roger Taillibert (Paris, 1997)

HH Shaykh Zayed Bin Sultan Al Nahyan identified
the need for such a complex in order to provide
comfortable, and what became outstanding, facilities for
members of the armed forces. Subsequently, a competition
was held under the auspices of HH Crown Prince of Abu

Ground treatment (geotechnical processes)

Ground treatment (geotechnical processes)

Soil properties can change under the
action of superstructure loading.
It compacts, consolidates and drains, and so becomes denser, stronger and less prone to settlement.

Piled foundations

Piled foundations

Piles are used when they are more
 economical than the alternatives,
 or when the ground at foundation
 level is too weak to support any of
 the previously described foundation
types. Piles are also used on sites
where soils are particularly affected

Raft foundations

Raft foundations

When strips become so wide (because of heavy column
loads or weak ground) that the clear distance between them is about the same as the width of the strips (or when the depth to suitable bearing capacity strata for strip footing loading becomes too deep), it is worth considering raft foundations.

They are useful in restricting the differential
settlement on variable ground, and to distribute variations of superstructure loading from area to

Foundation types (Strip footings )

Strip footings
Strip footings are commonly used for the foundations   to load-bearing walls. They are also used when the pad foundations for a number of columns in line are so closely spaced that the distance between the pads is approximately
equal to the length of the side of the pads. (It is usually more economic and faster to excavate and cast concrete in one long strip, than as a series of closely spaced isolated pads.)

Pad foundations

Pad foundations

Pad foundations tend to be the simplest and cheapest
 foundation  type and are used when the soil is relatively
strong or when the column loads are relatively light.
They are usually square or rectangular on plan, of uniform
 thickness and generally of reinforced concrete.
They can be stepped or haunched, if material
costs outweigh labour costs.
The reinforcement can vary from nothing at one extreme
through to a heavy steel grillage at the other, with lightly
reinforced sections being the most common. Typical types

The Wedge Building

> project : The Wedge Building
> location : Dubai, United Arab Emirates
> client : not disclosed
> architect : Diseño Earle Architects
> date : 2008> 2011
> volume : 60.000m2
> materials : concrete, steel, glass.

Site. This ultramodern residential development sits on the Palm Jebel Ali, one of three palms that are and will be integral parts of Dubai’s growth. This

Subway-and train station Centro Direzionale

> project : Subway-and train station Centro Direzionale
> location : Naples, Italy
> client : Metropolitana di Napoli
> architect : Miralles Tagliabue (Miralles Tagliabue EMBT)
> collaborators : Joan Callís

Pabellón España

> project : Pabellón de España en La Exposición Universal
Shanghai 2010
> location : Shanghai, China
> client : SEEI
> architect : Miralles Tagliabue (Miralles Tagliabue EMBT)
> collaborators : Salvador Gilabert , Arch. Elena Rocchi, Arch.
> date : 2007> in progress

Merca Santa Caterina

> project : Mercat de Santa Caterina
> location: Barcelona
> client : Foment de Ciutat Vella
> architect : Benedetta Miralles Tagliabue
(Miralles Tagliabue EMBT)
> collaborators:PGI Group
> date: 1996> 2005
> area: 29596 m2

jeudi 5 janvier 2012

The Stone Towers | Zaha Hadid Architecte

zaha hadid architects have designed 'the stone  towers' - a 525,000sqm office and retail complex  for the rooya group, which will be built in the  stone  park district of cairo, egypt. a five-star 
business hotel with serviced apartments,  retail with food and beverage facilities and  sunken landscaped gardens and plaza called  the 'delta' is also included in the development.

hisham shokri, CEO of rooya group said 'there is a overwhelming need in egypt for developments of the highest international standards required by the serious and growing investment climate of the country - ultimately contributing to making it a hub for multinationals in the region. the stone towers needed an architect with daring ideas, innovation, international expertise and

Contemporary Architecture in India (Lower house)

A building as prominent as the one
 for the new Vidhan Bhavan in Bhopal in the state of Madhya Pradesh had to take a form imbued
with an especially timeless symbolic force transcending
functional considerations. Charles Correa and his
colleagues actually won the competition in 1980, but building
did not start until 1983. After political turmoil,